|BSB directory||BSB Education||BSB lectures||Patient Earth|
North American Buffalo / BisonLatin Bison Bison
Humans need food, for thousands of years
Buffaloes were hunted for food
American Buffalo - Bison bison|
When the first European set foot on American soil about 60 million buffaloes lived in North America.
Buffaloes didn't stay long on one place, they grazed and moved on, returning many months later. Overgrazing was never a problem at this time.
A bison is the biggest mammal in the northern hemisphere. It is impressive to see its shaggy, long, dark brown winter coat. During summer buffaloes coat is lighter weight, lighter brown. Male bison are a little bit larger than the female. Bison bulls can reach up to 6 feet 6 inches (2 m) tall, 11 feet 6 inches = 4 m long, and weigh up to 2,200 pounds = 1,000 kg. The biggest specimens on record have weighed as much as 2,500 pounds = 1,130 kg.
A bison's head and forequarter is massive. Both sexes have short, curved horns, up to 2 feet long, often used in fighting for status within the herd and as a defense against former predators.
For the native Americans the buffalo was very important. Food, skin, bones, horns, close to everything was used.
Sadly, US federal government ordered mass slaughter of bison to weaken the North American Indian population. Bison was their main food source. Many Americans wanted to push Native Americans into the reservations, so they could take the land for free. Without the bison, native people were forced either to leave the land or starve to death.
Due to commercial hunting and slaughter in the 19th century, the bison nearly went extinct and is today restricted to a few national parks and other reserves. By 1884, the American bison was close to extinction.
The only continuously wild bison herd in the United States resides within Yellowstone National Park which was founded 1872 just in time to give the last wild buffaloes a home. But illegal hunting in the park brought the bison population down to 23 heads in 1902.
Old photos put together to show the movement of a bison.
Bison are herbivores, what means they eat plants, grasses and sedges. Usually the graze two hours, rest, cud chew. After that buffaloes move to a new location to graze again.|
Bison mating occurs in August and September. It takes about 285 days before a new buffalo is born. When bison cows are three years and older, they are mature and can reproduce. Normal life span of a bison is about 16 years in the wild.
Because of more humans, more houses, more roads, more noise, wild animals are often difficult to watch. You need patience, however, the rewards are well worth it. Few other activities can bring such a sense of wonder, satisfaction, connecting with Nature, as well as peaceful solitude -- in today’s busy world.
When we protect Nature, we conserve Earth and all living beings on it!|
All BSB members donate their time. Every cent of your donation / membership dues is used for information - education, bird protection!
The BSB Nature reserve can also be called natural reserve = nature preserve = natural preserve, located in the southern Texas Hill Country.|
It is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna.
See very interesting fossils, hear stories about geology.
We manage, conserve and protect 128 acres and provide special opportunities for Nature education, for study + research.
Members from all over the Americas, Asia, Canada and Europe help us to build a better future for the next generation with healthy water and air, healthy food, and responsible use of natural resources!
Nature Conservation is essential to secure a safe future!
Nature conservation is the only affordable solution to solve our problems with violent weather and climate change
We have only this one little planet EARTH to live on!
Shouldn't we keep Earth beautiful?
Let's take care of Earth, save it for the next generation.
We think no animal should go extinct, mankind should not produce
endangered animals species!|
In consequence we have protected our Bear Springs Blossom Nature Preserve with a conservation easement!
Show responsibility + BECOME A MEMBER. Start with ONE DOLLAR a month. With ONE Dollar a month you will help to secure your future and the future of your children!
Bear Springs Blossom Nature- Birding Trails
Nature in the Texas Hill Country
Thank you for visiting one of 880+ BSB web-pages!
BSB Nature preserve - -
- Join BSB -
BSB members strongly believe that Conservation Education CE is the only solution to give the majority of human beings a better life on Earth.
Search BSB with your search phrase
Copyright Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation
International charitable nonprofit org. 501(c)(3)
All rights reserved
Peter Bonenberger - volunteer + president
Marianne Bonenberger - director of education
BSBNCG POB 63295 Pipe Creek 78063 TX USA
Save Earth - A Better life
About Life on Earth - - Famous Buildings
BSB tries to be as accurate as possible, but we are not responsible for broken or false links or misinterpretation
We don't collect information from you!
BSB was founded 2002
As a nonprofit organization, BSB is always grateful for donations in support of our mission.
How life works
BSB Online book
Art in Nature
Buffalo / Bison
BSB Information topics:|
- Keep Earth beautiful?
Why update your education?
Be more happy!
- have more money!
- be more attractive!
- have a better life!
- have a longer life!
WHAT did God say?
- Protect Creation
- with Education
- Isn't that one of
- the Ten Commandments
- Join BSB
BSB Information on Water:
Why Earth has water
The H in H2O
Power from Water
Water + Energy
Water + Trees
Thirsty for water
Water Drought article
- Why does all life on Earth
depend on water?
- Why are the oceans salty?
- Why Water is a very
- Humans can live without food
for weeks, but
- without water we will
die after 3 days.
- Why do Humans use huge
amounts of water
to produce electricity?
- Is salt-water more heavy?
- Why can water dissolve
so many substances?
- Does water expand
when it gets warmer?
- Water Quiz
- Ocean quiz
- Environment Quiz
- BSB Quizzes are fun
- Do you recognize?
- To think about
- quiz questions
- will update your
- giving you a better life
Earth facts + numbers
Solar system Earth
Life on Earth
Keep Earth clean
Why Keep Earth?
Info about NASA
Earth from Space
BSB Information on Earth:|
- Why is Earth called the blue planet?
- Why Earth has continents?
- Why Earth has earthquakes?
- Earth, the only home for Humans?
- Earth's solar system is special
- Why is Earth sick?
- Earth climate is changing
- Earth uncountable species
- Astonishing photos from Earth
|Fair Use Notice|
All material on 1000+ BSB web-pages is intended to advance understanding of the environmental, social, scientific, and economic issues of Nature conservation. We believe this constitutes a "fair use" of any copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed an interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material from our websites for purposes of your own that go beyond "fair use," you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. If you are the owner of copyrighted material(s) appearing on this site, and wish it to be removed, please contact us directly.