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Native Plants+ how to keep Nature beautiful + how to secure our future!
Defining What is the meaning of Native — What Is A Native Plant?|
A native plant species in a location which arrived, established, and survived there without direct or indirect human assistance.
We know that plants are imported by people from faraway places are not native, but it is more difficult to determine whether plants in a general region or state are native to a particular site.
Native plants are endemic /indigenous to an area.
They always grew in this area, they are well adapted to the climate.
There are reported problems lately because of irresponsible behavior of humans!
Earth climate is changing because humans are burning huge amounts of fossil fuels
a native plant to Texas
A native plant doesn't need additional water to survive.|
Native plants occur naturally, not planted by humans.
Under the category 'native plant' are trees, shrubs, flowers, herbs, grasses, mushroom, fungi.
In the US plants that grew before the first explorers / immigrants arrived can all be called native plants.
Native plants can adapted to very limited, unusual habitats. They can live in dry or wet conditions, can grow on acid or alkaline soil, they are just perfectly built to the condition they live on. Some native plants are endemic, only found in one spot on Earth. Other indigenous plants can grow where-ever you put them.
Why should we use native plants in our garden?
A) Native plants grow well.
B) Native plant need no additional water.
C) You don't need to fertilize them.
D) Native plants are resistant to local diseases.
So, you can have a beautiful yard with native plants, without spending money on all these un-natural things, as sprinkler systems, pesticides, fungicides, fertilizers ...
Main problem for native plants are man-made chemicals, and invasive species!
Several concepts are fundamental to this definition of a native plant
Naturally occurring. The plants found growing in a particular area, either currently or in the historical past, are said to occur there. When there is no evidence that human activities brought them there, these plants are considered to occur naturally at that site. Put differently, they are part of the natural landscape of that area, either because they evolved there or because they arrived through natural means, such as dispersal by birds, other animals, the wind, or water.
Area of interest. A species may be classified as native to a particular nation, state, region, ecosystem or habitat. Obviously a species native to the U.S. may not be native to all 50 states and a species native to a given state, say California, may not be native to all regions, ecosystems or habitats in the state.
Native to nation. If a plant species is know to be native to at least one site in a nation it is said to be "native to that nation." Plants native only to other continents cannot be considered native in the U.S.
Native to state. If a plant is known to be native in at least one site in a particular state, it is considered "native to that state." However, it may or may not be native to a different site in the same state. Since numerous botanical references address the question of which plant species are considered to be native in which states, the state level is often a good starting point for determining whether a species is locally native. Many botanical manuals and horticultural references give generalized native ranges for thousands of commonly encountered plant species.
Native to region. The ecological region which the site represents should also be considered. For example, the state of Maryland has several distinct natural regions, such as the Coastal Plain, Piedmont, Allegheny Mountains, and Appalachian Plateau. If a species is not native to a region of the state, then it is not native to any site in that portion of the state. Tamarack (Larix laricina), for instance, is native in Maryland only in the Appalachian Plateau, and therefore would not be considered native at any Maryland site near the Atlantic Ocean or Chesapeake Bay.
Similarly, bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) is native in Maryland only on the Coastal Plain, and would not be considered native at the Plateau sites where tamarack is found, nor in any of the other ecological regions of Maryland. Nevertheless, both species are considered native to Maryland.
Early Spring blooming native plant Madrone Arbutus in Texas
Bear Springs Blossom Nature Preserve Madrone trail
Native to ecosystem and habitat. Many species are confined to particular ecosystems and habitats within a given state or ecological region, and would not be considered native in substantially different ecosystems or habitats, even within the same state and region. For example, tamarack in Maryland and nearby areas is known naturally only in swamp ecosystems;
therefore, tamarack would not be expected to occur naturally on dry ridge-tops in Maryland, even in the Appalachian Plateau. Ecosystems include interacting habitats, providing additional ecological resolution in considering whether a species is native at a particular site of interest. For example, a species may be known to be native only in tidal marshes. A different habitat in a tidal ecosystem, such as a densely shaded cypress swamp, would not be a place where this grass would be considered native, even if nearby to the tidal marsh.
Direct and indirect human actions. Human actions that move plants (or animals) to new places can be direct or indirect. Most obvious are deliberate introductions of plants to new areas, for example in gardening, forestry, or agriculture. Accidental, or unintentional, introductions of weeds to new paces also occur regularly. Once introduced to a new area, plants can spread and disperse further; these newly established populations are attributable to the earlier human- caused introduction, however, and are thus the indirect result of human actions. No matter how long a plant persists in an area, or how far it has subsequently spread, it does not become native to the area if its history there is traceable to a human introduction.
Photo taken on the 'Great View Nature trail' at
Bear Springs Blossom Nature Preserve
For more information on the BSB Nature preserve, please click on the link on top
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Native plants need no additional water, no chemicals, no pesticides!
Native plants fight erosion, hold your soil!
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