Sitemap BSB Education BSB lectures BSB Mission Patient Earth Updated conservation  education on geology. Conservation education about geologic features of landscapes explain how Germany is affected by several mountain ranges who were pushed up by the African tectonic plate. German Nature Conservation education preserves Nature internationally providing updated science based facts, advice on global issues, on how to keep Nature beautiful
Logo of Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation, international charitable nonprofit organization providing nature conservation education to all countries on Earth Signature of Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation, international charitable nonprofit organization Online distance learning Global issue Geology: Geology shows how earth was formed. Geology explains mountains and volcanoes, geology give us the understanding how to live a sustainable life, how to keep Earth Beautiful. All about geology: BSB research on geology is done by Peter and Marianne Bonenberger for decades: Conservation education online Geology: Life on earth depends on balanced earth plates. Billions of years earth balanced a natural process of moving plates. Mountains came up and erosion took them down again. Volcanoes rise and destroy land, build new islands. The science of geology explain how fragile Earth's balance is.  A Bear Springs Blossom Master Conservationist knows the basics of geology. Earth has only life because of Earth's sun, the warmth of its ray, the movements of Earth crust. Many schools teach not much about continental plates movements, but Geography and Geology knowledge is key to understand life on Earth, to see environmental problems. Spain's geology is very interesting, Africa pushing against Spain building mountains. Geological news of China. Since India is bumping into Asia, and the Himalayan s were pushed up and folded, people know about the geological forces on Earth. Environmental news to protect air + water + soil + food. BSB-research published in these news helps to keep Nature beautiful + to secure our future!
Why to Keep Earth Beautiful
How to Keep Earth Beautiful

About Us - Contact Us - Earth News

Care for Earth to have a safe future
Care for Earth = Care for Humans

Earth is changing
Earth needs an environmental balance!

BSB Geology Texas Hill Country

More knowledge = better decisions
BSB Geology Information
conservation education geology: limestone layers are part of the geological history and can be seen in the Texas Hill Country on road cuts, quarries, and ravines and proof that geologic forces lifted up the Edwards plateau

Geological forces

determine the
look of our Earth.
There was a time when continents were together. When bumping into each other, mountain ranges were pushed up and folded. The area of today's southern United States had a huge mountain range, the Ouachita Mountains. They were pushed up by the African plate pushing against the North American plate. During the Triassic Period about 240 million year ago, the continental plates of North and South America and Africa were together and started drifting apart.
Texas and the southern part of the American plate was pushed up and folded by the African plate,

the Ouachita Mountain range was built.

The name Cretaceous period comes from the Latin language for "chalky" and is usually abbreviated K for its German translation Kreide = chalk. At the beginning of the Cretaceous period, about 145 million years ago, the ancestral Gulf lapped upon the edge of the Texas continent.
The Bear Springs Blossom Nature preserve was covered by a warm shallow ocean about 120-125 million years ago.
Much later

nearly all of Texas was covered by the sea

Multitudes of sea life deposited their calcium carbonate sediment the origin of limestone or "lime" shells and skeletons.
fossils found at Bear Springs Blossom Nature Preserve proof that the geologic theory about warm shallow oceans in the Texas Hill Country is true
The Cow Creek, Glen Rose, and Edwards were derived largely from skeletal calcium carbonate sediment.
The Glen Rose is the oldest of these limestone layers on our Nature preserve. In the subsurface under our preserve lies the Cow Creek limestone. The Glen Rose in Central Texas was deposited from about 113-108 million years ago and consists of layers of yellowish limestone, compacted clay, compacted silt, and soft lime mud.
The "soft lime mud" usually is a mixture of lime mud and clay, which is called marl.
You can see the

Glen Rose formation in stream valleys and road cuts

throughout Bandera County.
The sea that deposited the Glen Rose progressively advanced onto the continent.
After the sea level was driven about to the middle of Texas, pure carbonate sediment was deposited in this area.
This deposition is now called the Edwards Group of formations, which overly the Glen Rose formation. The Edwards was deposited from about 108 to 100 million years ago. Remnants of the Edwards are on the high hills in Bandera County, TX.

You all heard about the Balcones fault zone.
The Balcones faulting occurred around 20 million years ago.
Balcones Fault zone along the Texas Hill Country graphic by Geology Professor Bill Ward
Balcones Fault Zones
Graphic by Professor Bill Ward, member of BSB
Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation

Far below the limestone layers, a thick salt layer was deposited by evaporating sea water.
The northwestern margin of the Gulf of Mexico subsiding caused enormous tension and movements far beneath the layer-cake surface. A huge part of Texas surface bulged, and a huge section was sliding on the thick salt layer downward toward the Gulf Basin.
Because of all the movement of this huge weight, the region was lifted up, building the Edwards Plateau.

The "hinge" of that uplift or downwarp runs parallel to Interstate 35 between Austin and San Antonio along what we call the Balcone's Escarpment. The Balcone's Fault Zone forms the eastern edge of the Edwards Plateau and the southern edge from San Antonio nearly to Del Rio.

The increased elevation of the Edwards Plateau area increased the gradient of streams, thereby increasing the ability of the streams to downcut and erode. Since that time natural processes of weathering and erosion have carved the limestone into hills and canyons that you see today in Bandera County. You can also say that the streams cut the canyons and what is left between the canyons are our Texas Hill Country hills.

Stone is hard and water is soft, but water is powerful and persistent and wears away stone. Water penetrates pores and cracks - when it freezes it expands, sometimes breaking the stones. Rainwater picks up carbon dioxide from the air and soil and forms a dilute solution of carbonic acid, which can easily dissolve limestone.
Caverns, sinkholes, and fantastically shaped pieces of limestone result.
Vegetation and mulch slows down the flow of water across slopes, holding water in the soil and allowing it to settle into aquifers.
By slowing the flow of water, vegetation protects slopes from excessive erosion and increases infiltration.
To get more information on Geology, please become a member of our charitable non-profit-organization
Your donation is fully tax-deductible

Contact us - learn to understand Nature! Become an expert - become a BSB Master Conservationist!
Membership starts at $1 (one) a month.
Think about how wonderful our Earth was created... Live in Harmony with Nature + learn to understand Nature!
conservation education online: fossil found in limestone layers at Bear Springs Blossom Nature preserve in Pipe Creek Texas, 40 miles northwest of San Antonio TX
Fossil seen in limestone wall at a road cut in the southern Texas Hill Country

Mexico environmental problems include not enough affordable nature conservation education to expand food production - Spain offers to little conservation education courses - - Indonesia cuts down a lot of tree. Missing nature conservation education leads to deforestation, water contamination, erosion problems because of deforestation, endangering marine life and humans - China has a growing population, more energy, more food, nature conservation education is very low on the to do list - German schools offer conservation education, but a lot of people are too busy to learn new things

BSB Education    BSB Nature preserve - - Lectures - Keep Earth Beautiful -

Copyright Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation
International charitable nonprofit organization 501(c)(3)
All rights reserved
Peter Bonenberger - volunteer + president
Marianne Bonenberger + director of education
BSBNCG POB 63295 Pipe Creek 78063 TX USA
link to facebook Peter Bonenberger

Our Earth - - Our Moon - - Earth is sick? - - Our Future??

Earth's solar system - Earth's Atmosphere

About Life on Earth - - The Gulf stream

Quiz Earth Oceans - - Nature Quotes - - Bacteria uncountable numbers

Hear and feel the wonders of Earth

BSB tries to be as accurate as possible, but we are not responsible for broken or false links or misinterpretation
Privacy Policy: Your privacy is very important to us. We don't collect information from you!
BSB was founded 2002 +

As a nonprofit organization, BSB is always grateful for donations in support of our mission. donation to charitable nonprofit Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation 501(c)(3) are fully tax-deductible
BSB Science Nature conservation education: pollution facts, types of pollution, international pollution science. How to reduce global pollution, global greenhouse gases, global wildfires. Humans on Earth need better air quality, better water quality, unpolluted healthy rivers + ocean protection. Hurricanes kill animals + humans. Lower pollution with efficient home appliances, less energy waste, less water waste. Nature conservation reduces air pollution, water pollution with recycling, promotes green driving, energy conservation through better energy efficiency. Answers to all pollution environmental issues. Peter Marianne Bonenberger give lectures, fun filled multimedia presentations to show why to protect Earth's Nature - Greenhouse Gases

Global warming - - Climate Change

BSB research: Science definition Biodiversity means that every living being looks a little bit different, that babies do not look alike, that we have different plants, different health problemsBiodiversity

BSB recycling facts: Recycling to save resources! All raw materials and all energy are provided by our blue planet Earth, but they are NOT endless. Unfortunately, most of the provided raw materials + energy are not usable as they appear in Nature and are spread globally in deposits. Men need to use a lot of energy + resources to produce the materials we need. We have to collect, clean, concentrate, and transform these resources to generate primary raw materials that are usable for people and industry. Using recycled materials reduces the amount of energy + reduces the amount of materials we have to dig out! Most of all things we use can be recycled!

BSB Geography education with maps: BSB maps, on countries, United States map, Earth map, BSB maps of Earth, map Earth rain-forest, global geology, earth carbon sink, global map earth conveyor belt, maps of Africa, maps of Oceania, maps of Asia, maps of North America, Central America countries, South America, maps of Europe rivers + countries. International Nature conservation through updated conservation education. Learn the location of countries on Earth

How life works

BSB Online book

Art in Nature

Science education

BSB lectures

Science Biology

AIR Facts




Fossil fuels


Black Bear

Buffalo / Bison


BSB Information topics:
United States has many shore lines,as have many continents on Earth. Science geography:  an update nature education shows you the big picture

BSB Geology education online: science of earth rocks. Geology, the Cretaceous period, Jurassic, continental plates. Warm shallow oceans teaming with sea life producing lime. Geology explains movements of tectonic plates, earthquakes, types of volcanoes, mountain ridges, geological forces. Why do mountains + volcanoes exist is topic of BSB conservation education lessons + workshops

- Keep Earth beautiful?

Why update your education?
Be more happy!
- have more money!
- be more attractive!
- have a better life!
- have a longer life!

BSB conservation education religion: fractals in Nature
WHAT did God say?

- Protect Creation
- with Education

- Isn't that one of
- the Ten Commandments

- Join BSB
nature conservation: knowledge about butterflies, to understand why butterflies nature's environmental balance. Help butterflies to survive, what kills a butterfly - nature conservation through education leads to higher butterfly survival ratesButterflies

Monarch butterfly - Wildflowers
BSB Information on Water:
Water Facts

Water Data

About Water

Why Earth has water

Water testing

Water pH



The H in H2O

Water Pollution

Water life

Earth Oceans

Ocean acidification

Ocean currents

Watershed divide

Riparian Areas

Power from Water

Water conservation

Water Conservation/kids

Water + Energy

Water + Trees

Thirsty for water

Water Drought article


Why Rainbows?
Science Biology, Chemistry, Physics: water full of energy, necessary for life as we know it- update nature education shows you the big picture
- Why does all life on Earth
depend on water?
- Why are the oceans salty?
- Why Water is a very
special 'juice'?
- Humans can live without food
for weeks, but
- without water we will
die after 3 days.
- Why do Humans use huge
amounts of water
to produce electricity?
- Is salt-water more heavy?
- Why can water dissolve
so many substances?
- Does water expand
when it gets warmer?
BSB Quizzes

- Water Quiz

Bird Quiz

Flower Quiz

- Ocean quiz

- Environment Quiz

Recycle Quiz
BSB Quizzes
- BSB Quizzes are fun

- What?

- Why?

- Do you recognize?

- To think about

- quiz questions

- will update your

- knowledge

- giving you a better life
BSB Conservation education explains how why to conserve trees, to plant new trees, to help a tree to grow, is one of the main tasks of a Master Conservationist. Why conservation education? Why is ethics responsibility so important? Why are the laws of nature still valid? Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation protects Nature providing conservation education, how fighting pollution, how efficient energy use betters our life. Environmentally friendly hydrogen fuel cells are green energy. Fuel cells lower air pollution, low greenhouse gases prevent droughts, floods, wildfires. Climate changed causes storms endangering life + well being of all life including humans. Nature conservation through science based Nature education saves money, makes happier healthier people. Goal: An educational website to protect humans in the future. Environmental solutions to keep Nature beautiful, conserve energy, lower pollution CO2, lower greenhouse gases methane, water body contamination to have a life with affordable food prices. BSB helps you not to go hungry. Nature news for a better life. Mission: Conservation education. Peter Marianne Bonenberger give lectures, presentations to show why to protect Earth's Nature Why trees are
so important!

Philosophy - Sapere Aude! - Famous Men

Earth facts + numbers

Earth's Geology

Solar system Earth

Climate Change

Global Warming

Global Dimming

Patient Earth

Life on Earth

Keep Earth clean

Why Keep Earth?

Earth's Oceans

Earth's population

Glob. statistics

Global Issues

Earth's changes

Solar Eclipse

Earth's Spheres

Info about NASA

Earth from Space
BSB Information on Earth:
United States has many shore lines,as have many continents on Earth. Science geography:  an update nature education shows you the big picture
- Why is Earth called the blue planet?

- Why Earth has continents?

- Why Earth has earthquakes?

- Earth, the only home for Humans?

- Earth's solar system is special

- Why is Earth sick?

- Earth climate is changing

- Earth uncountable species

- Astonishing photos from Earth

- .....
BSB research and external studies clearly show that almost all terrorists have very low education levels. Support to BSB helps to spread an always updated education to all. Better informed people make better decisions, having a better life!
Fair Use Notice
All material on 1000+ BSB web-pages is intended to advance understanding of the environmental, social, scientific, and economic issues of Nature conservation. We believe this constitutes a "fair use" of any copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed an interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material from our websites for purposes of your own that go beyond "fair use," you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. If you are the owner of copyrighted material(s) appearing on this site, and wish it to be removed, please contact us directly.