Sitemap Education lectures Patient Earth Search Updated conservation  education on water issues is needed. Conservation education about geology explains how Germany is affected by several mountain ranges who were pushed up by the African tectonic plate. German Nature Conservation education preserves Nature internationally providing updated science based facts, advice on global issues, on how to keep Nature beautiful
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About us - - Contact Bear Springs Blossom news are global news. Earth News that are updated, accurate, not manipulated, just the latest news. World news because we all need to live on this one planet, international news with conservation news headlines. Conservation of Earth = Nature conservation to protect the future of humans is our goal. BSB nature conservation news are news about Earth's environmental, providing an updated conservation education which can reduce the impact of climate change, can give people a happier life, can people give a more secure future
Online distance learning Global issue Geology: Geology shows how earth was formed. Geology explains mountains and volcanoes, geology give us the understanding how to live a sustainable life, how to keep Earth Beautiful. All about geology: BSB research on geology is done by Peter and Marianne Bonenberger for decades: Conservation education online Geology: Life on earth depends on balanced earth plates. Billions of years earth balanced a natural process of moving plates. Mountains came up and erosion took them down again. Volcanoes rise and destroy land, build new islands. The science of geology explain how fragile Earth's balance is.  A Bear Springs Blossom Master Conservationist knows the basics of geology. Earth has only life because of Earth's sun, the warmth of its ray, the movements of Earth crust. Many schools teach not much about continental plates movements, but Geography and Geology knowledge is key to understand life on Earth, to see environmental problems. Spain's geology is very interesting, Africa pushing against Spain building mountains. Geological news of China. Since India is bumping into Asia, and the Himalayan s were pushed up and folded, people know about the geological forces on Earth. Environmental news to protect air + water + soil + food. BSB-research published in these news helps to keep Nature beautiful + to secure our future! BSB-research helps to keep Nature beautiful + to have a better life!
Fault zone and uplift

Science Geology - learn about Earth

Why fault zones - why uplifts

Geology - the science of Earth

conservation education geology: limestone layers are part of the geological history and can be seen in the Texas Hill Country on road cuts, quarries, and ravines and proof that geologic forces lifted up the Edwards plateau

Geological forces

determine the
look of our Earth.
There was a time when continents were together. When bumping into each other, mountain ranges were pushed up and folded. The area of today's southern United States had a huge mountain range, the Ouachita Mountains. They were pushed up by the African plate pushing against the North American plate. During the Triassic Period about 240 million year ago, the continental plates of North and South America and Africa were together and started drifting apart.
Texas and the southern part of the American plate was pushed up and folded by the African plate, the Ouachita Mountain range was built.

The name Cretaceous period comes from the Latin language for "chalky" and is usually abbreviated K for its German translation Kreide = chalk. At the beginning of the Cretaceous period, about 145 million years ago, the ancestral Gulf lapped upon the edge of the Texas continent.
The Bear Springs Blossom Nature preserve was covered by a warm shallow ocean about 120-125 million years ago.
Much later nearly all of Texas was covered by the sea. Multitudes of sea life deposited their calcium carbonate sediment the origin of limestone or "lime" shells and skeletons.
fossils found at Bear Springs Blossom Nature Preserve proof that the geologic theory about warm shallow oceans in the Texas Hill Country is true
The Cow Creek, Glen Rose, and Edwards were derived largely from skeletal calcium carbonate sediment.
The Glen Rose is the oldest of these limestone layers on our Nature preserve. In the subsurface under our preserve lies the Cow Creek limestone. The Glen Rose in Central Texas was deposited from about 113-108 million years ago and consists of layers of yellowish limestone, compacted clay, compacted silt, and soft lime mud.
The "soft lime mud" usually is a mixture of lime mud and clay, which is called marl.
You can see the Glen Rose formation in stream valleys and road cuts throughout Bandera County.
The sea that deposited the Glen Rose progressively advanced onto the continent.
After the sea level was driven about to the middle of Texas, pure carbonate sediment was deposited in this area.
This deposition is now called the Edwards Group of formations, which overly the Glen Rose formation. The Edwards was deposited from about 108 to 100 million years ago. Remnants of the Edwards are on the high hills in Bandera County, TX.

You all heard about the Balcones fault zone.
The Balcones faulting occurred around 20 million years ago.
Balcones Fault zone along the Texas Hill Country graphic by Geology Professor Bill Ward
Balcones Fault Zones
Graphic by Professor Bill Ward
Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation

Far below the limestone layers, a thick salt layer was deposited by evaporating sea water.
The northwestern margin of the Gulf of Mexico subsiding caused enormous tension and movements far beneath the layer-cake surface. A huge part of Texas surface bulged, and a huge section was sliding on the thick salt layer downward toward the Gulf Basin.
Because of all the movement of this huge weight, the region was lifted up, building the Edwards Plateau.

The "hinge" of that uplift or downwarp runs parallel to Interstate 35 between Austin and San Antonio along what we call the Balcone's Escarpment. The Balcone's Fault Zone forms the eastern edge of the Edwards Plateau and the southern edge from San Antonio nearly to Del Rio.

The increased elevation of the Edwards Plateau area increased the gradient of streams, thereby increasing the ability of the streams to downcut and erode. Since that time natural processes of weathering and erosion have carved the limestone into hills and canyons that you see today in Bandera County. You can also say that the streams cut the canyons and what is left between the canyons are our Texas Hill Country hills.

Stone is hard and water is soft, but water is powerful and persistent and wears away stone. Water penetrates pores and cracks - when it freezes it expands, sometimes breaking the stones. Rainwater picks up carbon dioxide from the air and soil and forms a dilute solution of carbonic acid, which can easily dissolve limestone.
Caverns, sinkholes, and fantastically shaped pieces of limestone result.
Vegetation and mulch slows down the flow of water across slopes, holding water in the soil and allowing it to settle into aquifers.
By slowing the flow of water, vegetation protects slopes from excessive erosion and increases infiltration.
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conservation education online: fossil found in limestone layers at Bear Springs Blossom Nature preserve in Pipe Creek Texas, 40 miles northwest of San Antonio TX. Geological data help to date these Geology withnisses
Fossil seen in limestone wall at a road cut in the southern Texas Hill Country

Spain offers little to inform people how to keep earth beautiful - - - Indonesia cuts down a lot of trees. Missing nature conservation education leads to deforestation, water contamination, erosion problems because of deforestation, endangering marine life and humans. We need the help of the Indonesian people to keep Indonesia beautiful - - - China has a growing population, more energy, more food, keeping china beautiful is low on the to do list - - - India is a country full of potential. With a better education system and less corruption India could become number 1 in Asia. We need the help of the local people to keep India beautiful - - - German schools offer conservation education, but a lot of people are too busy to learn new things, do not think about to keep Germany beautiful
keep Singapore beautiful showing the flag - - - Keep the Philippines beautiful flag - - - Keep Malaysia beautiful showing the flag - - - Thailand flag to keep Thailand beautiful

Education    Nature preserves - - Lectures - Save Earth - - Keep Bandera Our members strongly believe that Conservation Education CE is the only solution to give the majority of human beings a better life on Earth.

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Science Nature conservation education: pollution facts, types of pollution, international pollution science. How to reduce global pollution, global greenhouse gases, global wildfires. Humans on Earth need better air quality, better water quality, unpolluted healthy rivers + ocean protection. Hurricanes kill animals + humans. Lower pollution with efficient home appliances, less energy waste, less water waste. Nature conservation reduces air pollution, water pollution with recycling, promotes green driving, energy conservation through better energy efficiency. Answers to all pollution environmental issues. Peter Marianne Bonenberger give lectures, fun filled multimedia presentations to show why to protect Earth's Nature - Greenhouse Gases

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BSB Conservation education explains how why to conserve trees, to plant new trees, to help a tree to grow, is one of the main tasks of a Master Conservationist. Why conservation education? Why is ethics responsibility so important? Why are the laws of nature still valid? Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation protects Nature providing conservation education, how fighting pollution, how efficient energy use betters our life. Environmentally friendly hydrogen fuel cells are green energy. Fuel cells lower air pollution, low greenhouse gases prevent droughts, floods, wildfires. Climate changed causes storms endangering life + well being of all life including humans. Nature conservation through science based Nature education saves money, makes happier healthier people. Goal: An educational website to protect humans in the future. Environmental solutions to keep Nature beautiful, conserve energy, lower pollution CO2, lower greenhouse gases methane, water body contamination to have a life with affordable food prices. BSB helps you not to go hungry. Nature news for a better life. Mission: Conservation education. Peter Marianne Bonenberger give lectures, presentations to show why to protect Earth's Nature Why trees are
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