|BSB directory||BSB Education||BSB lectures||BSB Mission||Patient Earth|
Want to Keep Earth Beautiful?
About BSB - - Contact BSB
Coral reefsImportant and very fragile!
Coral reefs are beautiful + a very important factor in the food chain of Earth's oceans.|
Coral reefs are the 'kindergarten' of 60% of all ocean fish
Imagine people having no sea food anymore...
Coral is primarily Calcium carbonate = chemically CaCO3
Calcium carbonate is found in rock in all parts of Earth.
Coral reefs, shells of marine organisms, snails, pearls, and eggshells contain mostly Calcium carbonate.
Calcium carbonate is altered by acids, releasing carbon dioxide CO2
How coral reefs have been formedCoral reefs polyps secret CaCO3 building underwater structures, we call reefs.
On these structures live tiny animals, we call coral polyps. Looking at a coral reef one can barely see these hundreds, thousands of life forms that live together in huge groups. Coral reefs are found in warm, shallow, unpolluted, sunny and oxygen rich waters.
Some call Coral reefs the rainforests of the sea, because they are one of the most diverse ecosystems on Earth. Growing on about one percent of Earth's ocean area, they provide a habitat for over a quarter of all marine species, as fishes, mollusks, echinoderms and many different varieties of sponges.
Great Barrier Reef Australia is the largest coral reef
Belize Barrier Reef is 2nd
New Caledonia Barrier Reef 2nd longest double barrier
Andros, Bahamas Barrier Reef is 3rd largest.
Red Sea Coral Reef is number 4
Pulley Ridge, Florida is the deepest photosynthetic coral reef
Many reefs are scattered over the Maldives
Wildlife Conservation marine biologists report May temperature far above average. Sumatra island surface waters peaked at 93 degrees Fahrenheit = 34 degrees Celsius - a 7 degree Fahrenheit = 4 degree Celsius rise over long-term averages. The consequence:
Coral reefs in Asia are dying in an alarming rate.
That's what a dead coral looks like
only the skeleton remains
Coral need a long time to grow, they are ancient life forms, found in all warm oceans on Earth.
BUT all around Earth Coral reefs are dying
Do you know what happens if they disappear altogether?
Coral reefs are part of Earth's oceans food chain. About 50 % of fish we eat lives around coral reefs. Over a billion humans depend on food out of the ocean, or they starve to death.
Do you think these people will die quietly?
Our research and the studies of many scientists blame climate change as a main reason for the deaths of Earth coral reefs.
Coral reef killers are:
1) Pollution - carbon dioxide
acidification of ocean water
2) Higher ocean temperatures
3) Man-made chemicals
4) Unsustainable coastal development
5) Bottom-dragging fishing boats
6) Coral trade in jewelry + souvenirs
Over a fifth of Earth's coral reefs are dead. In the Caribbean are more dead than alive corals. It is quite possible that your grand children will not enjoy the beauty of corals.
Human enjoyment is a very small problem compared with the tremendous cascade effect for all life in Earth's oceans.
Exotic and colorful, coral reefs are not just rocks - they are built up by living creatures, called coral polyps that excrete a hard calcium carbonate exoskeleton. When these animals die, and their rocky structures erode, much of the coral marine life dies too, no more spawning, no more feeding habitats.|
Fish we eat as the Grouper and Snapper will get extinct, oysters, clams and other creatures eaten by many would also suffer.
The livelihood of fishermen would go down badly.
Seafood will become a luxury good, not affordable to normal people, adding over a billion humans facing hunger.
Earth's food security will be threatened, and the economic damage would be enormous.
Think about reef visiting tourists, scuba divers, snorkelers, seaside resorts, sea food restaurants - all lose their income.
Or think about the types of coral and marine species that are being used by the pharmaceutical industry who needs healthy coral reefs to develop possible cures for cancer, arthritis, dementia.|
Coral reefs are precious sources of food, medicine and livelihoods for billions of humans. They are also special places of renewal and recreation. With their exotic beauty and biodiversity, we should protect coral reefs as global treasures.
Another very ancient life form that is part of many coral reefs are
StromatolitesThey grow in shallow water by trapping, binding, and cementation of sedimentary grains. A biofilm of microorganisms Cyanobacteria is cementing these grains together to form blocks.
Cyanobacteria are responsible for increasing the amount of oxygen in the primeval Earth's atmosphere through their continuing photosynthesis. They use water, carbon dioxide CO2, and sunlight to create their food.
The byproducts of this process are oxygen and calcium carbonate = lime.
Contact us - learn to understand Nature!
Think about how wonderful our Earth was created...
Live in Harmony with Nature + Learn to understand Nature!
Loosing the physical protection of a coral reef is another big problem for many countries. When coral reefs deteriorate, ocean waves cause more damage to coast lines.|
It is really amazing to see how Nature provides balance to all life on Earth. How can we get humans to learn and understand?
Mother Nature has a great plan - humans just have learned a few bits of it.
BSB Nature preserve - -
- Join BSB|
BSB members strongly believe that Conservation Education CE is the only solution to give the majority of human beings a better life on Earth.
Search BSB with your search phrase
Copyright Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation
International charitable nonprofit org.501(c)(3)
All rights reserved
Peter Bonenberger - volunteer + president
Marianne Bonenberger + director of education
BSBNCG POB 63295 Pipe Creek 78063 TX USA
BSB tries to be as accurate as possible, but we are not responsible for broken or false links or misinterpretation
BSB was founded 2002 +
As a nonprofit organization, BSB is always grateful for donations in support of our mission.
How life works
BSB Online book
Art in Nature
Buffalo / Bison
BSB Information topics:|
- Keep Earth beautiful?
Why update your education?
Be more happy!
- have more money!
- be more attractive!
- have a better life!
- have a longer life!
WHAT did God say?
- Protect Creation
- with Education
- Isn't that one of
- the Ten Commandments
- Join BSB
BSB Information on Water:
Why Earth has water
The H in H2O
Power from Water
Water + Energy
Water + Trees
Thirsty for water
Water Drought article
- Why does all life on Earth
depend on water?
- Why are the oceans salty?
- Why Water is a very
- Humans can live without food
for weeks, but
- without water we will
die after 3 days.
- Why do Humans use huge
amounts of water
to produce electricity?
- Is salt-water more heavy?
- Why can water dissolve
so many substances?
- Does water expand
when it gets warmer?
- Water Quiz
- Ocean quiz
- Environment Quiz
- BSB Quizzes are fun
- Do you recognize?
- To think about
- quiz questions
- will update your
- giving you a better life
Earth facts + numbers
Solar system Earth
Life on Earth
Keep Earth clean
Why Keep Earth?
Info about NASA
Earth from Space
BSB Information on Earth:|
- Why is Earth called the blue planet?
- Why Earth has continents?
- Why Earth has earthquakes?
- Earth, the only home for Humans?
- Earth's solar system is special
- Why is Earth sick?
- Earth climate is changing
- Earth uncountable species
- Astonishing photos from Earth
|Fair Use Notice|
All material on 1000+ BSB web-pages is intended to advance understanding of the environmental, social, scientific, and economic issues of Nature conservation. We believe this constitutes a "fair use" of any copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed an interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material from our websites for purposes of your own that go beyond "fair use," you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. If you are the owner of copyrighted material(s) appearing on this site, and wish it to be removed, please contact us directly.