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Hydrogen: Chemical element with atomic number 1.|
H is the lightest, most abundant chemical element
H makes up about 75 % of the Universe's elemental mass.
Hydrogen = HHydro = Greek = water
gene = Greek = creating
Hydrogen has a simple atomic structure
- one proton + one an electron
When scientist used the spectrum of light and the reaction with the hydrogen atom, producing or absorbing light, they got a good understanding to develop the theory of the atomic structure.|
At standard temperature / pressure, hydrogen is a colorless, odorless, nonmetallic, tasteless, highly flammable diatomic gas.
H making up over 90% by number of atoms.
Most stars are mainly composed of hydrogen in its plasma state.
Water = H2O would not exist without Hydrogen
Human and animal bodies contain a lot of Hydrogen
Hydrogen gas is highly flammable and will burn in air.
H2 = Hydrogen gas
When T. Von Hohenheim - you know him better as Paracelsus who lived from 1493 to –1541 was working with metals and strong acids and found out that this chemical reaction produces a flammable gas. Over 140 years later, Robert Boyle wrote down the reaction between iron filings and dilute acids, and explained that the outcome was hydrogen gas.
Henry Cavendish identified in 1776 the gas from a metal-acid reaction as "flammable air". Ongoing tests confirmed that this gas was producing water when burned, so Cavendish is praised for the discovery of H as an element.
But a few years later, it was Antoine Lavoisier who gave the news element the name hydrogen.
The main engine of the Space Shuttle was run by Hydrogen.|
Only with a flame detector it is possible to detect burning hydrogen, so leaks are difficult to find and very dangerous
Hydrogen can be part of renewable energy
Renewable energy reduces our emissions
Emissions that are causing Climate Change
GM fuel cell car|
GM believes that hydrogen Fuel cell vehicles are part of our future. and that they hydrogen fuel cells can be a significant electric vehicle option.
GM's investment efforts contemplate adoption of this technology for a wide range of products, from compact cars to family-sized and larger vehicles, even city buses.
During the past three years, consumers in three cities logged over two million miles in a fleet of more than 100 Chevrolet Equinox fuel cell vehicles – preventing almost 1.2 million pounds of carbon emissions and saving about 100,000 gallons of gasoline. GM is testing a hydrogen fuel-cell system that can be packaged in the space of a traditional four-cylinder engine. This system is 200 pounds lighter, half the size and uses a third of the platinum of the prior-generation system
That is the inside of a Toyota fuel cell car|
For over a decade Hydrogen fuel cells have been built. They use hydrogen as fuel and oxygen - out of the air as its oxidant.
Fuel cell cars and trucks are already running in many countries, they have a muffler, but all what comes out is WATER
Discovered over 500 years ago, Hydrogen was used in lamps, in balloons, the Hindenburg Zeppelin was filled with Hydrogen.|
Hydrogen can be cracked out of fossil fuel called hydrocracking and ammonia production mostly for the fertilizer market.
Water = H2O is an abundant source for Hydrogen by electrolysis - using photovoltaic s makes this environmentally friendly with no greenhouse gases.
You cannot see a pure hydrogen-oxygen flame, because it emits ultraviolet light.
Other uses were as a coolant, in batteries. Some military forces used it in Hydrogen bombs.
Our Sun's energy comes from nuclear fusion of Hydrogen. Scientists have been working doing this fusion controllable on Earth.
Hydrogen is used in transportation - it burns relatively cleanly, with some NOx emissions, but without carbon emissions.
The Energy Department is detailing trends in the U.S. fuel cell and hydrogen technologies market. There is a continued growth in fuel cell commercial deployments, including material handling equipment such as forklifts as well as combined heat and power systems and back-up and auxiliary power units.|
More than 35,000 fuel cell systems were shipped in 2013, an increase of more than 26% over 2012 and 400% more than 2008. In 2014, worldwide fuel cell industry sales surpassed $1 billion for the second time—reaching $1.6 billion. Deployments and orders for fuel cells for telecommunications backup expanded into the Middle East, China, the Philippines, and other international markets. With more than 300 fuel cell-powered material handling equipment vehicles at its existing fleet in Spartanburg, South Carolina, BMW now claims the largest number at a single location in the world. A 14.9 MW fuel cell power park opened in Bridgeport, Connecticut, and the world’s largest fuel cell power plant, 59 MW, was installed in Korea.
The industry made tremendous progress in the light-duty transportation sector and achievements include the launch of H2USA, a public private partnership focusing on overcoming the barriers to hydrogen infrastructure. The U.K. launched a similar initiative called UK H2Mobility. Hyundai began leasing its first series production fuel cell electric vehicle at select dealerships in Southern California. Several automaker partnerships were announced to advance fuel cell electric vehicles, including Daimler, Ford, and Nissan; Honda and General Motors; Toyota and BMW; and Volkswagen and Ballard Power Systems. Many automakers anticipate commercialization by 2017. In addition, eight states signed a Memorandum of Understanding to coordinate on zero-emission vehicle implementation
At our Nature Preserve in the Texas Hill County we produce Hydrogen using the power of the sun:|
A) to produce electricity with our windmill
B) to produce electricity with Photovoltaics
Sunlight is Earth's primary source of energy.
= renewable energy.
Energy that isn't producing air and water pollution
Energy we can use without burning fossil fuels!
Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation is using Solar energy in different ways.
YOU can do that too!
BSB gives information on all RENEWABLE ENERGY sources.
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BSB Nature Preserve works with an
electricity generation Windmill
producing hydrogen and oxygen
Hydrogen can be produced by wind turbines
Nature will survive without Humans BUT
Humans cannot survive without Nature
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Conservation Education (CE) is the combination of two words that have become one word to educators.|
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