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Nitrogen = chemically N
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The chemical element Nitrogen - symbol N - atomic number 7.|
The Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford discovered it in 1772.
It belongs to the group of most abundant chemical elements by mass in the universe, estimated at about seventh in total abundance in the Milky Way and our Solar System. The fusion process in stars creates it.
The English word Nitrogen derives from the Latin word nitrogenium, but the origin is Greek nitron what could be translated as saltpeter, nitrate of potash = Potassium nitrate KNO3.
Nitrogen is the most common pure element on our earth, making up 78.1% of the entire volume of the atmosphere acting as key nutrient at the very base of the food chain, both on land and in the ocean.
Nitrogen availability directly impacts the global marine ecosystem. Many microorganisms feast, grow, and live off of it. Once the microorganisms reach a certain size or die, they will sink, dragging carbon – in the shape of organic matter – down with them. Once carbon leaves the superficial layers of the ocean and enters deep waters, it will be gone for thousands or even millions of years.|
As it stands today, a healthy functioning carbon sink is probably good news. This carbon pump has been working for thousands of years, helping regulate the Earth's chemistry and temperature. Earth needs balanced biochem-levels!
All living organisms contain Nitrogen.|
Imagine life without amino acids, without neurotransmitters or alkaloids. Life on Earth would be very different!
The chemical industry harvests nitrogen out of the air. Because of the strong bond of the two N's a lot of energy is needed to break them apart. The man-made products are ammonia, nitric acid, organic nitrates, and cyanides (highly poisonous to humans).
With the following actions Humans have doubled the annual transfer of nitrogen into biologically available forms:|
a) Extensive cultivation of legumes - as soy, alfalfa, clover -
b) growing production of chemical fertilizers
c) pollution emitted by vehicles and industrial plants
In addition, humans have significantly contributed to the transfer of nitrogen trace gases from Earth to the atmosphere, and from the land to aquatic systems. Humans have changed the global nitrogen cycle.
In Earth's atmosphere nitrous oxide = N2O is a greenhouse gas. Greenhouse gases shield the heat from Earth, so it cannot enter space, contributing to global warming. Greenhouse gas emissions cause more violent weather, melting of glaciers, more floods, more storms, different earth quakes.
Irresponsible use of Nitrogen fertilizer already killed millions of marine life. Many Humans depend on food out of our oceans. Our fishermen's existence depends on marine life.
NASA has taken this view of the Gulf of Mexico. In the red areas, a vast, nitrogen-fed algae bloom has risen, killing most sea life underneath.
Life on Earth depends on a good balance - some human decisions unbalance Nature, endangering all life on Earth!
Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation Group's mission is to fight for a safer future of our children and grand children.
NASA scientist Hansen's statement:
"I decided that I didn't want my grand-children to say, 'grandpa understood what was happening but he didn't make it clear, he didn't act .."
is exactly our motivation and the motivation of BSB members.
Members of BSB show responsibility and have stated clearly:
We recognize the problem and we DO as much as we can to lower the impact on our children's life!
For a long time chemists tried and failed to produce ammonia from atmospheric nitrogen.|
The German chemist Fritz Haber with the assistance of Robert Le Rossignol solved the problem in 1909. The German company BASF bought the invention. The German Carl Bosch designed the machinery needed to start industrial-level production. Haber and Bosch were later awarded Nobel prizes, in 1918 and 1931.
Production of ammonia - using the Haber process - started in 1913 in BASF's Oppau plant in Germany. Military leaders asked for more explosives during World War I, so production was shifted from fertilizer to explosives, producing gunpowder and high explosives.
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