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computer generated view of Nitrogen N2. United States uses huge amounts of nitrogen as fertilizer. United States industry + households have a high energy demand, producing greenhouse gases resulting in climate change. Low education levels resulting in high pollution. Tree protection would help to increase oxygen production, reducing air pollution helping humans. Fight pollution with BSB Nature conservation, reduce air pollution. Pollution does not keep Earth beautiful. Earth is endangered by pollution, polluted air, water polluted, polluted soil, contaminated, humans get sick because of pollution, pollution from energy production, plants die of polluted air + water, animals cannot reproduce because of polluted water, air, soil, food, climate change, increase recycling. Ocean conservation, Water conservation leads to protection of all life, flora + fauna on Earth = human protection, conservation of all water on Earth = human protection, conservation of all soil on Earth = human protection through affordable conservation education online to keep nature beautiful. Earth is warming up, global temperatures are climbing, pollution is causing global warming, learn online about nature conservation, how to secure your future, how to stay alive with violent weather, floods, earthquakes storms. Life on earth depends on plants, that produce oxygen, provide food. Nature conservation keeps Earth beautiful. BSB Conservation views and insights: Life on earth depends on plants. Affordable nitrogen fertilizer can expand food production. Millions of years earth balanced a natural process of growing and mulching. Photosynthesis is essential for Earth's oxygen production. Erosion is the biggest threat to plants, to human food. Humans need Nature conservation to stay healthy, protected from chemical pollution. BSB Nature Conservation to protect air + water + soil + food + wildlife + domestic animals. Millions of years earth balanced a natural environment. BSB pollution information explains how pollution has changed earthquake patterns caused by climate change. New CO2 Milestone: Many months Above 400 PPM. BSB-research published in these news helps to keep Nature beautiful + to secure our future, to have a better life!
Nitrogen = chemically N
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Nitrogen

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The chemical element Nitrogen - symbol N - atomic number 7.
The Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford discovered it in 1772.
It belongs to the group of most abundant chemical elements by mass in the universe, estimated at about seventh in total abundance in the Milky Way and our Solar System. The fusion process in stars creates it.
The English word Nitrogen derives from the Latin word nitrogenium, but the origin is Greek nitron what could be translated as saltpeter, nitrate of potash = Potassium nitrate KNO3.

Nitrogen is the most common pure element on our earth, making up 78.1% of the entire volume of the atmosphere acting as key nutrient at the very base of the food chain, both on land and in the ocean.
BSB Conservation education online: nitrogen cycle on earth. Atmospheric nitrogen must be processed, or fixed, in order to be used by plants. Some fixation occurs in lightning strikes, but most fixation is done by free-living or symbiotic bacteria. These bacteria have the nitrogenase  enzyme  that combines gaseous nitrogen with hydrogen  to produce ammonia, which is then further converted by the bacteria to make their own organic compounds. Some nitrogen fixing bacteria, such as Rhizobium, live in the root nodules of legumes (such as peas or beans). Here they form a mutualistic relationship with the plant, producing ammonia in exchange for carbohydrates. Nutrient-poor soils can be planted with legumes to enrich them with nitrogen. A few other plants can form such symbioses. Today, a very considerable portion of nitrogen is fixated in ammonia chemical plants. The conversion of nitrogen N2 from the atmosphere into a form readily available to plants and hence to animals and humans is an important step in the nitrogen cycle, which distributes the supply of this essential nutrient. There are four ways to convert N2 = atmospheric nitrogen gas - into more chemically reactive forms.  A) Biological fixation: some symbiotic bacteria most often associated with leguminous plants and some free-living bacteria are able to fix nitrogen as organic nitrogen. Mutualistic nitrogen fixing bacteria are the Rhizobium bacteria, which live in legume root nodules. These species are diazotrophs. An example of the free-living bacteria is Azotobacter. B) Industrial N-fixation: Under great pressure, at a temperature of 600 C, and with the use of a catalyst, atmospheric nitrogen and hydrogen usually derived from natural gas or petroleum can be combined to form ammonia NH3. In the Haber-Bosch process, N2 is converted together with hydrogen gas H2 into ammonia NH3, which is used to make fertilizer and explosives. C) Combustion of fossil fuels : automobile engines and thermal power plants, which release various nitrogen oxides NOx. D)In addition, the formation of NO from N2 and O2 due to photons and especially lightning, are important for atmospheric chemistry, but not for terrestrial or aquatic nitrogen turnover. Some plants get nitrogen from the soil, and by absorption of their roots in the form of either nitrate ions or ammonium ions. All nitrogen obtained by animals can be traced back to the eating of plants at some stage of the food chain. Plants can absorb nitrate or ammonium ions from the soil via their root hairs. If nitrate is absorbed, it is first reduced to nitrite ions and then ammonium ions for incorporation into amino acids, intense nucleic acids, and chlorophyll. In plants that have a mutualistic relationship with rhizobia, some nitrogen is assimilated in the form of ammonium ions directly from the nodules. Animals, fungi, and other heterotrophic organisms absorb nitrogen as amino acids, nucleotides and other small organic molecules. When a plant dies, an animal dies, or an animal expels waste, the initial form of nitrogen is organic. Bacteria, or in some cases, fungi, convert the organic nitrogen within the remains back into ammonium NH4+, a process called ammonification or mineralization. The conversion of ammonia to nitrates is performed primarily by soil-living bacteria and other nitrifying bacteria. The primary stage of nitrification, the oxidation of ammonia NH3 is performed by bacteria such as the Nitrosomonas species, which converts ammonia to nitrites NO2-. Other bacterial species, such as the Nitrobacter, are responsible for the oxidation of the nitrites into nitrates NO3-. It is important for the nitrites to be converted to nitrates because accumulated nitrites are toxic to plant life. Due to their very high solubility, nitrates can enter groundwater. Elevated nitrate in groundwater is a concern for drinking water use because nitrate can interfere with blood-oxygen levels in infants and cause methemoglobinemia or blue-baby syndrome. Where groundwater recharges stream flow, nitrate-enriched groundwater can contribute to eutrophication, a process leading to high algal, especially blue-green algal populations and the death of aquatic life due to excessive demand for oxygen. While not directly toxic to fish life like ammonia, nitrate can have indirect effects on fish if it contributes to this eutrophication. Nitrogen has contributed to severe eutrophication problems in some water bodies. Denitrification is the reduction of nitrates back into the largely inert nitrogen gas N2, completing the nitrogen cycle. This process is performed by bacterial species such as Pseudomonas and Clostridium in anaerobic conditions. They use the nitrate as an electron acceptor in the place of oxygen during respiration. These facultatively anaerobic bacteria can also live in aerobic conditions. In anaerobic ammonium oxidation, nitrite and ammonium are converted directly into dinitrogen gas. This process makes up a major proportion of dinitrogen conversion in the oceans. All this is called the nitrogen cycle
Nitrogen cycle

Nitrogen availability directly impacts the global marine ecosystem. Many microorganisms feast, grow, and live off of it. Once the microorganisms reach a certain size or die, they will sink, dragging carbon in the shape of organic matter down with them. Once carbon leaves the superficial layers of the ocean and enters deep waters, it will be gone for thousands or even millions of years.
As it stands today, a healthy functioning carbon sink is probably good news. This carbon pump has been working for thousands of years, helping regulate the Earth's chemistry and temperature. Earth needs balanced biochem-levels!


BSB conservation education online: stabile nitrogen gas is removed from the atmosphere. By breaking its chemical bonds = which is a very energy intensive process - the nitrogen is turned into ammonia often used as fertilizer
All living organisms contain Nitrogen.
Imagine life without amino acids, without neurotransmitters or alkaloids. Life on Earth would be very different!
The chemical industry harvests nitrogen out of the air. Because of the strong bond of the two N's a lot of energy is needed to break them apart. The man-made products are ammonia, nitric acid, organic nitrates, and cyanides (highly poisonous to humans).


synthetic fertilizer is used to grow crops that feed life stock. Excess nitrogen escapes the soil and enters the atmosphere, worst going into streams, lakes, groundwater and Earth's oceans
With the following actions Humans have doubled the annual transfer of nitrogen into biologically available forms:
a) Extensive cultivation of legumes - as soy, alfalfa, clover -
b) growing production of chemical fertilizers
c) pollution emitted by vehicles and industrial plants
In addition, humans have significantly contributed to the transfer of nitrogen trace gases from Earth to the atmosphere, and from the land to aquatic systems. Humans have changed the global nitrogen cycle.

In Earth's atmosphere nitrous oxide = N2O is a greenhouse gas. Greenhouse gases shield the heat from Earth, so it cannot enter space, contributing to global warming. Greenhouse gas emissions cause more violent weather, melting of glaciers, more floods, more storms, different earth quakes.

in the atmosphere this fugitive nitrogen can become N2O = a potent greenhouse gas, or NOX a contributor to ground level ozone. Both gases are dangerous to living organism
Irresponsible use of Nitrogen fertilizer already killed millions of marine life. Many Humans depend on food out of our oceans. Our fishermen's existence depends on marine life.
Satellite view of the Gulf. In the red areas, a vast, nitrogen fed algae bloom has risen, blotting out most sea life underneath
NASA has taken this view of the Gulf of Mexico. In the red areas, a vast, nitrogen-fed algae bloom has risen, killing most sea life underneath.
Life on Earth depends on a good balance - some human decisions unbalance Nature, endangering all life on Earth!

Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation Group's mission is to fight for a safer future of our children and grand children.

NASA scientist Hansen's statement:
"I decided that I didn't want my grand-children to say, 'grandpa understood what was happening but he didn't make it clear, he didn't act .."
is exactly our motivation and the motivation of BSB members.
Members of BSB show responsibility and have stated clearly:
We recognize the problem and we DO as much as we can to lower the impact on our children's life!

For a long time chemists tried and failed to produce ammonia from atmospheric nitrogen.
The German chemist Fritz Haber with the assistance of Robert Le Rossignol solved the problem in 1909. The German company BASF bought the invention. The German Carl Bosch designed the machinery needed to start industrial-level production. Haber and Bosch were later awarded Nobel prizes, in 1918 and 1931.
Production of ammonia - using the Haber process - started in 1913 in BASF's Oppau plant in Germany. Military leaders asked for more explosives during World War I, so production was shifted from fertilizer to explosives, producing gunpowder and high explosives.


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