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Oil Spill Facts
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Why is an oil spill bad for us?|
Because ONE drop of oil contaminates huge amounts of water!
Water we need, water marine life needs, water plants need!
Because oil spills change the surface of water, water will evaporate differently!
Water vapor that feeds our clouds, that gives us rain!
Because oil on the water surface changes the amount of heat that our ocean store!
Water in our oceans gets warmer when the surface is darker, when evaporational cooling is disturbed leading to more violent climate change!
Because oil in ocean water is a problem for desalination plants that provide humans with drinking water!
Water we need, humans need to drink water on a regular basis or humans die!
We have talked to many scientist who tell us, even years after the spill, they have seen with their own eyes, oil plumes, oil mud on the ocean floor, oil in many marine creatures.
Toxic water pollution - not good for humans, not good for marine life, not good for our future...
But even after decades the damage from oil spills can be seen; after decades marine life is still suffering from oil spills
Oil on the Gulf of Mexico floor is still causing a dead zones where only bacteria can live feeding on oil
We think safety and the health of all people on Earth are more important than fast profits for some people!
A bacteria that is capable to eat oil is nowadays multiplying fast in the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Plankton is contaminated with oil. Plankton is food for many sea animals. Scientist checked and found poisoned plant plankton, contaminated with oil and toxic dispersants.
Oil chemicals found in the intestines of crabs. About 68% of the spilled oil is drifting now under the ocean surface.
Many smaller oil spills have happened, in March in the shipping channel of Houston, last July when a ship was hitting an empty oil rig. 2 miles of surface oil can be seen near New Orleans.
Imagine: How many billion dollars has the American taxpayer to spend for all the additional work public workers have to do because of the oil spill?
Imagine: All these billions spent on better insulation, on better public transportation, on lower taxes?
The dimensions of the Gulf of Mexico disaster are still not known. Other oil spills have followed.
Over 200 million gallons of oil had been polluting the Gulf of Mexico. The chemicals used by BP are toxic for all life. BP used it to break the oil down in smaller pieces, so the public wouldn't recognized to huge oil disaster. Marine robots are removing the containment cap and replace with a new one. The old containment cap over the gushing well head in the Gulf of Mexico was only capturing small parts of the oil. The new cap is still holding back the oil.
Tropical storms have moved more tar balls from the oil spill to beaches.
Oil substances from the oil spill have entered the food chain in the Gulf of Mexico.
Petroleum in food is causing cancer and brain damage.
Can you imagine how long it will take, to remove contaminated sea food, that is dangerous to eat?
Hundreds of millions gallons of oil have spilled into the Gulf of Mexico.
(your bath tub has about 25 gallons).
Fumes from evaporating oil become a bigger health concern.
Sharks, turtles, mullets, crabs, rays and small fish congregate by the thousands off Gulf coast lines, fleeing the oil contaminated gulf areas, that had killed many of them. Many of the beautiful sea birds will not be seen ever again...
BP made a series of shortcuts: Greed took over, and with it the danger of an oil spill increased, leading to the worst man-made environmental disaster Earth ever experienced.
Huge plumes of chemically altered oil are moving under the ocean surface changing the whole Eco-system for many decades.
Additionally BP has used toxic chemicals to disperse oil spilling out of the broken pipe, adding big hazards for humans and sea life.
Oil chemically altered by BP will change the Gulf of Mexico for decades.
BP has increased the amount of air pollution burning a lot of oil = more greenhouse gases - isn't that crazy? Burning oil releases sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxides, methane and other chemicals.
The US-Government had announced that "to make sure that the unprecedented disaster" will not happen again, an "Oil Spill Commission" has been created, signed by executive order.
We have informed our members about the importance of ocean currents. The Gulf stream current transports warm water towards Europe.
Ocean water temperatures are changed by oil pollution.
Can you see a trend??
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Marine pollution is mostly land based. The pollution often comes from agricultural runoff and wind blown debris.|
Many potentially toxic chemicals adhere to tiny particles which are then taken up by plankton and benthos animals, most of which are either deposit or filter feeders. In this way, the toxins are concentrated upward within ocean food chains. Many particles combine chemically in a manner highly depletive of oxygen, causing estuaries to become anoxic.
When pesticides are incorporated into the marine ecosystem, they quickly become absorbed into marine food webs. Once in the food webs, these pesticides can cause mutations, as well as diseases, which are harmful to humans as well as the entire food web.
Toxic metals are also introduced into marine food webs. These causes a change to tissue matter, biochemistry, behavior, reproduction, and suppress growth in marine life. Often animal feeds are produced from sea life - so marine toxins are transferred to land animals, and appear later in meat and dairy products - then eaten by humans.
20. March 1970 - Kollision des Tankers «Othello» vor Schweden. Schätzungsweise bis 100.000 Tonnen Öl laufen aus.
19. December 1972 - Kollision des Tankers «Sea Star» im Golf von Oman. 115.000 Tonnen Öl laufen aus.
12. May 1976 - Der Supertanker «La Urquiola» läuft vor dem spanischen La Coruña auf Grund. 100.000 Tonnen Öl werden freigesetzt.
25. February 1977 - Feuer an Bord der «Hawaiian Patriot» im Nordpazifik. 99.000 Tonnen Liter Öl laufen aus.
16. March 1978 - Die «Amoco Cadiz» läuft vor der nordwestfranzösischen Küste auf Grund. 223.000 Tonnen Öl fließen in die See.
3. June 1979 - Die Bohrinsel «Ixtoc I.» explodiert im Golf von Mexiko. Nach Schätzung verunreinigen 530 Millionen Liter Rohöl das Meer. Erst im März 1980 kann das Bohrloch geschlossen werden.
19. July 1979 - Kollision der «Atlantic Express» mit der «Aegean Captain». 300.000 Tonnen Öl laufen ins Meer.
6. August 1983 - Der Tanker «Castillo de Bellever» fängt Feuer. 250.000 Tonnen Öl laufen ins Meer.
24. March 1989 - Die «Exxon Valdez» havariert im Prinz-William-Sund vor Alaska. Über 40.000 Tonnen Öl verschmutzen ein Naturschutzgebiet vor der Küste.
January/February 1991 - Mit massiven Luftangriffen starten die alliierten Truppen am Persischen Golf die Befreiung Kuwaits. In den über 40 Tage dauernden umfassende Bombardements kuwaitischer und irakischer Ziele werden die kuwaitischen Erdölfelder in Brand gesetzt. Der irakische Diktator Saddam Hussein lässt im Bewusstsein seiner drohenden Niederlage Hunderte Ölquellen in Brand setzten. Über eine Millionen Tonnen Rohöl verursachen eine der bislang größten Umweltkatastrophen.
3. December 1992 - Der griechische Tanker «Aegean Sea» läuft bei der Einfahrt in den nordspanischen Hafen La Coruña auf felsigen Grund und bricht auseinander. Etwa 81.000 Tonnen Öl laufen ins Meer.
5. January 1993 - Der liberianische Tanker «Braer» läuft vor den Shetlandinseln auf ein Riff. 98.000 Tonnen Rohöl fließen in die Nordsee.
16. February 1996 - Der Tanker «Sea Empress» läuft vor der Südwestküste von Wales auf Grund und schlägt leck. Rund 70.000 Tonnen Öl fließen in Meer.
November 13, 2002 - Vor der nordwestspanischen Küste gerät ein auf den Bahamas registrierter Tanker in Seenot. Die «Prestige», die 77.000 Tonnen Öl geladen hat, zieht einen mehrere Kilometer langen Ölteppich hinter sich her. Sie bricht sechs Tage nach der Havarie entzwei. Über 60.000 Tonnen Öl verpesten die französische und spanische Küste.
April 20, 2010: The oilrig 'DeepWater Horizon' explodes in the Gulf of Mexiko. Oil is still spilling out ...
August 13, 2011: Over 200000 liters of oil spilled into the North Sea
because an oil rig had a leaking line
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