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Oxygen

..and God saw creation was good Science

Oxygen is an odorless, colorless gas when at the standard pressure and temperature. Oxygen condenses at -297.4F (-183.0C) to a pale blue liquid (liquid oxygen) and upon further cooling, freezes at -361.9F (-18.8C).

Oxygen makes up about 65% of the mass of the adult body - most of this is in the form of water.

BSB science: oxygen cycle on earth - at standard temperature + pressure, oxygen is a colorless, odorless gas with the molecular formula O2, in which the two oxygen atoms are chemically bonded to each other with a spin triplet electron configuration. This bond has a bond order of two, often simplified in description as a double bond or as a combination of one two-electron bond and two three-electron bonds
Earth's Oxygen cycle

Plants are the primary creators of atmospheric oxygen through the process of photosynthesis. Oxygen is used and cycled by plants.

The cycling of carbon and oxygen is interconnected. Plants uses carbon dioxide (CO~2~) and sunlight to convert and release energy and oxygen. Humans and animals breathe in oxygen and then breathe out carbon dioxide - plants then use this carbon dioxide to restart the perpetual cycle.

Processes That Use Oxygen

Breathing - During respiration, air passes through the bronchial tubes, or airways, into the lungs for gas exchange, or diffusion, to take place - the exhalation of CO~2~ makes room for the absorption of O~2~.

Decomposing - When animals and plants die, they decompose—this process uses up O~2~ and releases CO~2~.

Rusting - This is also known as oxidation - when things rust they use up O~2~.

Combustion - Three things are necessary for fire: oxygen, fuel, and heat. When things burn, they use O~2~ and replace it with CO~2~. Contrary to popular belief, oxygen is not explosive; nevertheless, patient education is imperative because oxygen accelerates combustion.

Oxygen also makes up ~50% of the mass of the Earth's crust and 21% of the atmosphere (air) - the rest of the atmosphere is mostly nitrogen (78%). The Earth is the only planet in the solar system with a high percentage of oxygen.

Oxygen Characteristics

Oxygen is critical for chemical reactions that keep the body alive, including the reactions that produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP) - the molecule used for energy. Brain cells are sensitive to a lack of oxygen because of their demand for a high-and-steady production of ATP.

Brain damage is likely within five minutes without oxygen cerebral hypoxia, and death is likely within ten minutes. A steady supply of oxygen is indispensable for cardiac function and viability.


Earth has a high concentration of oxygen gas.
The reason is the oxygen cycle:
Three main oxygen reservoirs on Earth
The atmosphere
The biosphere
The lithosphere

Life on Earth needs balanced biochem-levels
Do you know why there is oxygen on Earth?
Photosynthesis is the main driving factor. Without photosynthesis Earth's atmosphere would be very different - not supporting life as we know it. Photosynthesis produces oxygen which rises into the atmosphere. Respiration, chemical reactions as decay remove oxygen from the atmosphere
Bear Springs Blossom conservation education explains why Earth's oxygen levels are dropping
Look what happens to Earth's atmospheric Oxygen levels

computer generated view of oxygen

Oxygen = chemically O

Oxygen got its name from the Greeks, a long time ago.
Oxygen is highly reactive
Oxygen can form compounds with almost all other elements. Chemists call them oxides.
When we look at all the masses in our universe, oxygen is the third most abundant element, following hydrogen and helium. By mass Oxygen is the most abundant element in the Earth's crust.
Earth's air contains 20.8 percent diatomic oxygen
Without oxygen proteins, carbohydrates, and fats, bones, teeth, animal shells, would not exist - imagine us without all that... Humans would not exist.
Life on Earth started in Earth's oceans, when cyanobacteria produced O2 Oxygen. Later, algae, green plants and trees produced oxygen with photosynthesis
All cells use oxygen in their cellular respiration.

Science based nature education online: stars are constructed of different elements by breaking changing chemical bonds = which is a very energy intensive process
The onion-like layers of a massive star
Oxygen is part of every star
All elements of a star:
H = Hydrogen
He = Helium
C = Carbon
Ne = Neon
O = Oxygen
Si = Silicon
Fe = Iron

Most of all living organisms contain + need oxygen
Imagine life without amino acids, without neurotransmitters or alkaloids. Life on Earth would be very different!

BSB Chemistry education online: humans breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide co2, a greenhouse gasMarianne is breathing in oxygen every day of her life

An adult human, at rest, inhales 1.8 to 2.4 grams of oxygen per minute. This amounts to more than 6 billion tonnes of oxygen inhaled by humanity per year.

At a resting pulse rate, the heart consumes approximately 8-15 ml O2/min/100 g tissue. This is significantly more than that consumed by the brain (approximately 3 ml O2/min/100 g tissue) and can increase to more than 70 ml O2/min/100 g myocardial tissue during vigorous exercise.

Humans, of course, need oxygen.
We breath in oxygen O
We breath out carbon dioxide CO2

And we are healthier and happier when
there are not too many pollutants in the air!

Life on Earth depends on a good balance - some human decisions unbalance Nature, endangering all life on Earth!

Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation Group's mission is to fight for a safer future of our children and grand children.

History of Oxygen

Philo of Byzantium, a Greek writer and engineer in the second century, conducted the first experiment of the relationship between air and combustion. He found that if you take a burning candle on a dish full of water and invert a cylindrical container over it, the surrounding water will rise into the neck of the vessel.

The first discovery of oxygen in the 1600s, by the Polish alchemist Sedziwoj, was not published. Scheele then rediscovered oxygen, followed by Priestly in the 1770s.

Later, the French chemist Lavoisier renamed the compound oxygen because of its ability to form acids. The term oxygen comes from the Greek word 'oxygenes' meaning 'acid producer.'

In the nineteenth century, scientists realized that by compression and cooling, they could liquefy oxygen. By 1891, scientists could produce enough liquid oxygen for research. Four years later, the first process to generate liquid oxygen was commercially viable.

Industrial Use of Oxygen

More than 50% of the Earth's steel production uses the basic oxygen process (BOP), which employs pure oxygen to convert scrap and iron into steel.

Other applications of oxygen in the industrial setting include making or processing new compounds such as plastics, paper, glass, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, and petroleum.

Liquid oxygen is combined with liquid hydrogen to make rocket fuel.

Medicinal Use of Oxygen

Oxygen has various uses in health care-treatment is flexible enough for use in inpatient, outpatient, and in emergency settings. It treats ailments such as heart disorders, pneumonia, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorders (COPD).

The circulatory system is interconnected with the pulmonary circulation. Treatment not only increases the oxygen saturation of the blood but also can ease cardiac workload.

When providing life support, airway care and rescue breaths improve a person's chance for survival. Other life support use includes oxygen supplementation for astronauts and scuba divers.


Parts of this information was written by Sarah Gehrke, MSN, RN

NASA scientist Hansen's statement:
"I decided that I didn't want my grand-children to say, 'grandpa understood what was happening but he didn't make it clear, he didn't act .."

This is exactly our motivation and the motivation of BSB members.
Members of BSB show responsibility and state clearly:
We recognize the problem and we DO as much as we can to lower the impact on our children's life!

Contact us - learn to understand
Become an expert!
What else can you do?

Learn with Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation!
Think about how wonderful our Earth was created...
Keep Earth Beautiful - learn to see the big picture - to have a better life


Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation has a great mission:
Information + Education for all who are interested in knowledge.
Marianne Bonenberger director of education Bear Springs Blossom
and
Peter Bonenberger president Bear Springs Blossom

are offering this knowledge online and with lectures.
BSB is an international charitable nonprofit-Organization 501(c)(3)

Think about and see how wonderful our Earth was created..
Learn to understand = having a better life!

引述大自然
Spain offers little to inform people how to keep earth beautiful - - - Indonesia cuts down a lot of trees. Missing nature conservation education leads to deforestation, water contamination, erosion problems because of deforestation, endangering marine life and humans - - - China has a growing population, more energy, more food, keeping earth beautiful is very low on the to do list - - - India is a country full of potential. With a better education system and less corruption India could become number 1 in Asia - - - German schools offer conservation education, but a lot of people are too busy to learn new things
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Peter Bonenberger - volunteer + president
Marianne Bonenberger - director of education
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edu@keepearthbeautiful.org
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