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Water DataThe more you know the better are your decisions
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Definition of Water:|
A liquid substance built by two Hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom
To give the next generation a chance to survive,
we need to protect Earth's water resources!
Humans need water to drink, to water crops, and vegetables
Water on Earth runs in a water cycle. It raises out of our oceans, rain falls on our landmasses and mountains. Earth's creeks and rivers bring it back into the ocean - the water cycle is complete.
Sun + water - no life without them!|
Water is the most common compound on earth, the fluid which all life depends upon.
It's the one liquid Humans must have to live - Humans need to drink water!
Niagara falls frozen 1911|
Water in a different state
NASA announced the finding of water ice in several impact craters on Mars. Water and hydroxyl is widely dispersed on the moon's surface. Water is carried by asteroids.|
Water is common and abundant in the solar system. Observational evidence suggests that water as a solid, liquid or gas is present at the poles of Mercury, within the thick clouds of Venus, on Mars, inside asteroids and comets, and on Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Jupiter's moons Europa, Ganymede and Callisto have vast subsurface oceans of liquid water.
This little blue
sphere would be able to hold all water on Earth!|
Water Quiz - -
|Want to get the answer?|
All the water on Earth:
Did you know that water expands when it gets warmer?
Look at the facts:
100 liters of water expand when heated from 0 C to 10 C from 100 to x = 100.04 liters
100 liters of water expand when heated from 0 C to 20 C from 100 to x = 100.18 liters
100 liters of water expand when heated from 0 C to 30 C from 100 to x = 100.44 liters
100 liters of water expand when heated from 0 C to 40 C from 100 to x = 100.79 liters
100 liters of water expand when heated from 0 C to 50 C from 100 to x = 101.21 liters
100 liters of water expand when heated from 0 C to 99 C from 100 to x = 104.20 liters
On earth we have 332,500,000 cubic miles mi3 = 1,385,984,600 cubic kilometers km3 water
1 km3 water = 1,000,000,000,000 liter water
1.385.984.600.000.000.000.000 Liter of water on Earth
When you calculate how much more volume water gets, when it warms up
coming from the polar regions moving towards the equator....
That is one reason why BSB calls the warming of earth dangerous for humans ...
In case you want to compare liter with US Quarts: 1 Liter = 1.05669 US quarts|
In case you get water temperatures in Celsius C see below how to compare Fahrenheit and Celsius
An average person can go nearly two months without eating.|
But less than a week without water could kill you!
Take this test and see how much you know about water:|
1. What percentage of the Earth is covered by water?
2. What percentage of the Earth's water is readily available for humans to use?
3. How much water is contained in the human body?
4. Which contains more water as a percentage of body weight, a woman's or a man's body?
5. Why do male and female bodies tend to have different amounts of water?
6. How much water does the human body loose in a typical day?
7. Why is water especially good for people on a diet?
8. What is the largest use of water... indoors? outdoors?
9. What percentage of treated drinking water is consumed by people?
10. How much of a chicken is water?
11. How much of a pineapple is water?
12. How much of a tomato is water?
13. How much of an elephant is water?
14. How much of an ear of corn is water?
15. How much does a gallon of water weight?
1. Some 80% of the Earth is covered by water / ice. Only about 20% is dry land.
2. 97.5% of the water on earth is salty ocean and 1.5% is frozen. The remaining 1% is available to meet human needs.
3. If you're an adult, your body contains about 40 quarts or 10 gallons of water.
4. A man's body is 60-65% water. A woman's is 50-60% water. The human brain is about 75% water.
5. Muscle tissue contains a large amount of water. Fat tissues contain virtually no water. Men tend to have more muscle as a percentage of body weight while women have more fat.
6. You lose 2.5 to 3 quarts of water per day through normal elimination, sweating and breathing. If you exercise or live in a humid climate, you may lose another quarter.
7. It has zero calories and zero sugar, but a good drink of water can reduce hunger. Water also helps your body metabolize stored fats, helps maintain proper muscle tone, and helps rid the body of wastes.
8. Lawn sprinkling uses the most water outdoors. Inside, toilets use the most, with an average of 27 gallons per person per day.
Laundry averages 17 gallons per person per day and showers 14 gallons.
9. Typically, less than 1% of the treated drinking water, produced by utilities is actually consumed by people.
Most goes for lawns, showers, and tubs, toilets, etc.
15. 1 liter of water weighs 1 kg
1 gallon = 3.78 liter
1 gallon of water = 3.78 kg
1 kg = 1000 gram
1 European pound = 500 gram
1 American pound = 453 gram
1 European ton = 1000 kg
1 American ton = 906 kg
How much water does a human need?
Every day a human loses water through your breath, perspiration, urine and bowel movements. For a human body to function properly, humans must replenish their water supply by consuming beverages and foods that contain water.
There are different ways to calculate humans water needs.
A) Replacement: The average urine output for adults is about 1.5 liters (6.3 cups) a day. You lose close to an additional liter of water a day through breathing, sweating and bowel movements. Food usually accounts for 20 percent of your total fluid intake, so if you consume 2 liters of water or other beverages a day (a little more than 8 cups) along with your normal diet, you will typically replace the lost fluids.
Eight 8-ounce glasses of water a day. Another way to water intake is the "8 x 8 rule" - drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water a day (about 1.9 liters). The rule could also be stated, "drink eight 8-ounce glasses of fluid a day," as all fluids count toward the daily total. Though the approach isn't supported by scientific evidence, many people use this basic rule as a guideline for how much water and other fluids to drink.
Recommendation: Men consume roughly 3 liters (about 13 cups) of total beverages a day and women consume 2.2 liters (about 9 cups) of total beverages a day.
You should drink enough fluid so that you rarely feel thirsty and produce 1.5 liters (6.3 cups) or more of colorless or slightly yellow urine a day.
The amount of water a human needs can vary:
Human need to modify their total fluid intake depending on how active they are, the climate they live in, their health status, and if they are pregnant or breast-feeding.
Work outs: If humans exercise or engage in any activity that makes them sweat, they need to drink extra water to compensate for the fluid loss.
An extra 400 to 600 milliliters (about 1.5 to 2.5 cups) of water should suffice for short bouts of exercise, but intense exercise lasting more than an hour (for example, running a marathon) requires more fluid intake.
How much additional fluid humans need depends on how much they sweat during exercise, how long they exercise and the type of activity they are engaged in.
During long bouts of intense exercise, it's best to use a sports drink that contains sodium, as this will help replace sodium lost in sweat and reduce the chances of developing hyponatremia, which can be life-threatening.
Additionally, humans need to continue to replace fluids after they are finished exercising.
Weather changes water need:
Hot or humid weather can make humans sweat and require additional intake of fluid. Heated indoor air also can cause human skin to lose moisture during wintertime. Further, altitudes greater than 8,200 feet (2,500 meters) may trigger increased urination and more rapid breathing, which use up more of a human's fluid reserves.
Sickness or health conditions:
Signs of illnesses, such as fever, vomiting and diarrhea, cause a human body to lose additional fluids. In these cases humans should drink more water and may even need oral rehydration solutions, such as Gatorade, Powerade or CeraLyte. More fluid is needed if a human has a bladder infections or urinary tract stones.
Heart failure and some types of kidney, liver and adrenal diseases may impair human excretion of water and even require that a human limits its fluid intake.
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding:
Women who are expecting or breast-feeding need additional fluids to stay hydrated. Large amounts of fluid are used especially when nursing.
Pregnant women should drink 2/3 gallon of fluids daily and women who breast-feed consume 3/4 gallon of fluids a day.
Water Conservation: Every Drop Counts!
Water is a precious resource in our environment.
Growing populations and ongoing droughts are squeezing
our water resources dry, causing natural habitat degradation
and impacting our everyday use of water.|
We have no choice but to pay more attention to how we are using water, and how we may be wasting it.
We must bridge the gap between our understanding of how important water is to our survival and what we can do to ensure that we have an adequate supply of clean water for years to come.
Below a list of the many simple ways you can take action and conserve water, both inside and outside our homes.|
You're In Control
+ Try to do one thing each day to save water.
Don't worry if the savings are minimal. Every drop counts, and every person can make a difference.
+ Be aware of and follow all water conservation and water shortage rules and restrictions that may be in effect in your area.
+ Make sure your children are aware of the need to conserve water.
Watching Water Wasters in the Kitchen and Bathroom
+ The Toilet
+ The Shower/Bath
+ The Kitchen
+ Washing Dishes
Other Water Wasters in Your Home
+ Divert From the Drain
Outdoor Water Wasters to Watch
* Watering the Lawn
* Lawn Care
* Other Outdoor Water Wasters
There are different ways to collect water:
Surficial "Aquifer" water
Fresh Water Surface Reservoirs
Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation volunteers work hard to protect public health and safety by minimizing contamination of shallow / surficial aquifers and preserving and protecting existing and potential sources of drinking water supplies. Our intent is to accomplish this through both public education and public cooperation.
Many aquifers are depleted, because water is pumped up faster, than rainwater can seep in and refill our aquifers.
Looking for additional water supply:
Here comes the word * Surficial Aquifer
- its not really an aquifer, we would name it surface water reservoir.
The use of surficial water brings different problems in water treatment:
A) Cleaning water with membranes will be different
B) Production rates are low
A large number of wells are required
C) Land acquisition is needed for of large number of well sites
D) Because of shallowness of the well fields protection of these areas is very important contamination effects immediately
E) The quality of surficial water varies
F) High maintenance for all the wells and pipelines
G) and there is a potential impact on adjacent homeowner wells
- Wouldn't it be easier to lower our water consumption?
a) The use of water saving washing machines
b) The use of water saving toilets
c) Avoiding water loving plants in deserts
d) The use of native plants with adapted water needs
e) The use of native grasses that do not require a sprinkler system
We all need CLEAN healthy water, because Water is essential for all life on earth and plays a vital role in the proper functioning of the Earth’s ecosystems.
The pollution of water has a serious impact on all living creatures, and negatively affects the use of water for drinking, household needs, fishing, transportation, and commerce.
Water can easily be contaminated:
Example: one gallon of motor oil can contaminate one million gallons of water!
This criminal behavior will affect not only our drinking water, but also water we use for our food plants, our vegetables and water we swim in.
YOU can keep our water clean by:
making responsible choices. Think before you throw unwanted materials away.
using less toxic cleaning products
Never flush medications down the toilet. Take unused medications back to pharmacy for proper disposal
Recycle household paints at local PRODUCT CARE locations.
NEVER burn plastics - low temperature burning produces DIOXINs
1 millionth of a gram can kill a human
Recycle motor oil and oil filters. Never pour oil down storm drains.
We need to conserve water - we need to use water wisely:
1) Replace your shower-head with an ultra low-flow version, saving up to 25 gallons in 10 minutes
2) Keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator instead of running the tap for cold drinks.
3) Wash your produce in a pan that is filled with water instead of running water. Then use the water in your garden.
4) Use porous materials for walkways and patios to keep water in your yard and prevent wasteful runoff
5) Direct downspouts and gutters towards shrubs and trees.
6) Don't use foreign grasses in your lawn, use native grasses, they need much less water.
7) Use a layer of organic mulch around plants to reduce evaporation and save hundreds of gallons of water a year
8) Avoid unnecessary flushing. Dispose of tissues, insects and other waste in trash
9) Reuse fish tank water on plants: it is a good fertilizer
10) Turn off tap when shaving, washing face or brushing teeth
11) Water deeply but less frequently to create healthier and stronger landscapes.
Members of Bear Springs Blossom Nature Conservation Group Inc. have a great mission:
Information and Education for all who are interested in Nature conservation.
Learn to understand Nature! Informed people make better decisions!
We have only this one little planet EARTH to live on!
Let's take care of it, save it for the next generation.
Protection of NATURE is very important! Our goal is to protect Nature for the next generation!
NATURE = God's creation = humans, plants, animals = Earth, water and air.
Think about and see how wonderful our Earth was created..
Live in Harmony with Nature + learn to understand Nature!
|Earth needs an environmental balance!||
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Peter Bonenberger president
Marianne Bonenberger director of education
BSBNCG POB 63295 Pipe Creek 78063 TX USA
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